Compounds are muti-joint exercises. They include the powerlifts (squat, deadlift, bench press) and the olympic lifts (C&J, snatch, power clean). Also dips & chins, and many other bodyweight exercises.
There's several variations of all of the above.
As for a routine, that depends on your experience level, how many times a week you work out etc etc. The faq has some info on this, but I'd suggest up to 5 exercises per workout for 1 warmup set and 1 work set each - should take less than an hour. Olympic lifts take more time, as you generally do progressive singles, so maybe best to do only a maximum of 2 of these per workout.