Nineteen years later, Royce Gracie reflects on UFC 1

"I have such a big family, sometimes, I was wondering, when is it going to be my turn?" Gracie said. "There's always a brother who's older, younger, bigger, stronger, faster, I was like, ‘hey, give me a chance guys.'"

Ultimately, Rorion Gracie chose Royce over Rickson, and the martial arts world would never be the same. Gracie won the inaugural UFC tournament at Denver's McNichols Arena, and though he had no idea at the time, he forever altered the combat sports landscape.

"Rickson was a little too big," Gracie said on Monday's edition of The MMA Hour, which commemorated the UFC's 19th anniversary. "So it wouldn't be as impressive, a 200 pounder beating up a 220. Me being 178 and beating up a 220 was a little more impressive."

Gracie was one of eight participants in the tourney, along with kickboxer Gerard Gordeau, sumo Telia Tuli, striker Kevin Rosier, Kenpo karate practitioner Zane Frazier, boxer Art Jimmerson, wrestler Ken Shamrock, and kickboxer Patrick Smith. With no time limits, no rounds, and few rules, no one knew what to expect going into the event.

"On the first one, we had a sumo wrestler, there was a random draw, and it was the night before the fight, so we didn't know who we were going to fight," said Gracie. "So you had to be prepared for everybody. For a grappler, for a sumo wrestler, for a kickboxer, you've got be ready for everybody."

Gracie had ample time to prepare for the event at the family dojo in Los Angeles' South Bay area. While the camp was primitive compared to today's leading mixed martial arts schools, the mindset was no different: You have to be ready for everyone and everything.

"I had enough students that I could choose, from kickboxing, boxing, not not exactly sumo wrestling, but a heavy student that would help me out so I could get used to body weight. The main thing is strategy," Gracie said. "It's not just come in and duke it out and fight. OK, if he's a grappler, good for me, I know what to do. If he's a kickboxer, I gotta get in a clinch and move a certain way. If he's a karate man, he moves a different way, but I'm still going to have to clinch. So, a sumo wrestler, I have to clinch. It's just, how I get there, how I move it."

Fans got a taste of what was to come in the evening's opening fight, when Gordeau knocked out several of Tuli's teeth just seconds into Gordeau's victory. Things got even more bizarre when Gracie entered the Octagon for his first-round bout with Jimmerson, who at the time was a ranked cruiserweight with a 29-6 record. Jimmerson, having watched the tourney's early fights and seeing that wearing a pair of gloves would be a disadvantage in an anything-goes environment, provided one of the sport's first iconic images when he showed up wearing one glove.

"I mean, he was thinking about doing jabs so many times, he didn't want to break his hand. He wanted to keep me away," Gracie said. "I thought hey, he has a boxing glove, good, he's not going to be able to grab me. ... He didn't even touch me. I got in the clinch, took him down, I mount him, and he just waved to stop to quit. I was actually surprised. But then, again, it I thought, hey, he's a boxer, when he goes to the ground, what is he going to do? He was out of his game, why take a beating?"

After making short work of Jimmerson, it was clear that while Gracie didn't look like a traditional badass, he could hold his own. Gracie finished the job at UFC 1 with quick rear-naked choke victories over Ken Shamrock -- the launching pad for the first great rivalry in MMA history -- and Gordeau. Total time for his three fights was four minutes, 59 seconds.

Gracie held on to the chokes well after his last two opponents tapped. While that would be considered unsportsmanlike in today's UFC, Gracie explained why he felt the need to dispense some frontier justice.

"My second fight at UFC 1, I fought Ken Shamrock," the UFC Hall of Famer said. "In the fight I choked him. As soon as he tapped, I let go. He tried to continue, but the ref got kind of stuck like, ‘should I let it go or stop the fight.' That's when I looked at the ref and I said, let it go, we're going to continue. ... then I looked at Ken Shamrock, I said, I know you tapped, you know you tapped, but you want to continue, let's go. Keep going. But now I was going to hold the choke, I was going to put him out. After that he decided, he said, ‘You're right, I quit, so he stopped it.'"

While Shamrock was merely trying to pull a fast one, according to Gracie, Gordeau got straight-up dirty.

"When I come back for the finals with Gerard Gordeau, he bit my ear when I took him down," Gracie said. "He wasn't allowed to bite. When we were on the ground, I whispered in his ear, I said, ‘You bit me.'" I looked at him, he just gave me a look like ‘So what?' That's when I got the choke. Think of what happened with Ken Shamrock, and with [Gordeau] cheating, there's one rule, two rules: no gouge, no biting. And he cheated on that, so that's why I kept the choke a little longer. I sent a message: Don't F with me."

Gracie's role in history was already set by the time he stood center Octagon with his oversized, $50,000 winner's check for winning at UFC 1. Before he was through, he also claimed tournament titles at UFC 2 and 4. In the process, by using jiu-jitsu to take out bigger foes, he not only established the popularity of Brazilian jiu-jitsu in the United States, he re-defined long-held conventional wisdom on fighting.

Now 45, Gracie couldn't have known he was changing the course of combat sports history that night in Denver. But the now-retired legend is appreciate both for his legacy and for the growth of the sport his family helped launch.

"I knew [the UFC] was going to get big," Gracie said. "But what Dana White and the Fertitta brothers did, they turned it into inspiration for the new generation. Now, the news the kids, they grow up like baseball, like soccer. They grow up thinking one day I want to be baseball player, they want to be soccer player. Today, they train thinking they want to be UFC fighter. They start young now."
Nineteen years later, Royce Gracie reflects on UFC 1 - MMA Fighting

Art Davie shares memories of birth of UFC: 'Nineteen years ago, we changed the world'

Davie was one of the founders of the Ultimate Fighting Championship, which had its first event in Denver on this date in 1993. It was a project that had been in the works for over a year. At the time, Davie had a rough concept of a new fighting format, but things did not truly coalesce in his mind until reading a Playboy article about Rorion Gracie and Brazil's most famous fighting family.

Davie soon traveled to Torrance, California, where Rorion was in the process of opening his first school, and after signing up for classes, he would frequently tell Rorion that Gracie Jiu-Jitsu needed a bigger audience. Rorion had heard these kinds of pitches before, so instead of trying to convince him with worlds, Davie helped him market Gracie instructional tapes by writing a direct mail campaign.

According to Davie, the campaign quickly drew over $125,000 in orders, and suddenly, Rorion was more interested in what he had to say.

After writing a business plan for their new venture, Davie started pitching it to television executives, including some at HBO and Showtime. Over and over, he was turned down.

"They said what else you got kid?" he said. "You got anything else besides the martial arts, because we got a memo here that says that never works. That stuff doesn't work. Kickboxing is dead and what you're proposing sounds crazy to us."

Davie said he was pitching the project for over six months before he found Semaphore Entertainment Group (SEG) in New York. It was an alliance that would change everything, but not without some blustering and bluffing.

According to Davie, he told SEG at one point that they were set to produce the first-event on Oct. 31 in Rio with or without them. Faced with the choice, SEG was in.

While that date and location were later changed to better accommodate logistical issues, the two sides were in business and soon set about recruiting fighters. At one time, boxer Leon Spinks was a candidate to enter the field, but that deal did not get done, leaving the tournament with the memorable entrant Art Jimmerson. Another possibility that didn't make the final cut was kickboxing great Ernesto Hoost.

Meanwhile, because of business issues between brothers Rorion and Rickson, who was then considered the best fighter in the family, Rorion decided upon younger brother Royce to represent the family's art.

It was a move that Davie didn't understand at first, until Rorion explained that the visual of the thinly built Royce mowing through the tournament field would be the best illustration of jiu-jitsu's effectiveness.

By the time the tournament field arrived at the Executive Tower Inn, the tension was thick, with posturing between rival groups. It boiled over at the event's rules meeting (yes, there were rules at the first event despite many claims to the contrary), until sumo fighter Teila Tuli settled things.

"He said, 'Look, as far as whether there's going to be tape on any knuckles or not? I don't care. I'm going to be standing in the octagon tomorrow night. Anybody else who wants to be there? Show up, because I'm coming.'" Davie recounted. "And everybody quieted down. That was the end of that."

Davie said that by fight night, the fighters were "ready to jump out of their skin," with excitement, anxiousness and anticipation of what was about to happen. As we know, Royce Gracie went on to win three fights by tappet, including a finish of Gerard Gordeau in the finals to claim the tournament's $50,000 purse.

"I remember Rorion and I and [executive producer] Campbell [McLaren] walking around," he said. "I was walking around smoking a cigar and drinking a single-malt scotch and we looked at each other and said, 'This is huge. This is unbelievable. We’re taking over the world. This is going to rock people right to their socks.' We knew it."

In time though, the UFC would face many obstacles, based upon the promotion of the sport's violence as a selling point. Eventually, he parted ways with the company, but he's watched the sport and the promotion grow from afar, feeling, he says, sometimes as a "divorced father with someone else raising my kid." But that's OK, he says. It's still a pleasure to watch something that he helped conceive enter the sport and pop culture landscape.

"I had to bang heads with a lot of people who said to me, 'What else you got kid? You got anything else, because this is nuts?'" he said. "And I said, no, this is going to be big. You wait and see."
Art Davie shares memories of birth of UFC: 'Nineteen years ago, we changed the world' - MMA Fighting